In this post, we have Shared 100 Solved MCQs based on Indian Polity and Economy for WBCS Preliminary Examination. You may also find it helpful for other competitive examination.
*The Options which looks Green is correct Answer.
1. In which year Constituent Assembly was formed in India?
(a) 1945 (b) 1946 (c) 1947 (d) 1948
2. In which year the Indian Independence Act was passed?
(a) 1945 (b) 1946 (c) 1947 (d) None of these
3. Who, among the following was the 'Father of the Indian Constitution'?
(a) Dr Rajendra Prasad (b) Dr B. R. Ambedkar (c) Mr J. L. Nehru (d) None of these
4. In which year the Indian Constitution was adopted by the Constituent Assembly?
(a) 1947 (b) 1948 (c) 1949 (d) 1950
5. The Preamble of the original Indian Constitution contained :
(a) Sovereign Socialist Republic (b) the Sovereign Democratic Republic
(c) Sovereign Secular Republic (d) Sovereign Socialist Secular Democratic Republic
6. Within which article The Preamble of Indian Constitution has been discussed?
(a) Article 1 (b) Article 1-2 (c) Article 1-3 (d) None
7. On the basis of which Article new State can be created in India?
(a) Article 1 (b) Article 3 (c) Art. 5 (d) None of these
8. Who, among the following is not associated with Parliament?
(a) Lok Sabha members (b) Rajya Sabha members
(c) President of India (d) Members of State Legislatures
9. The idea of incorporating Fundamental Rights in the Indian Constitution has been borrowed from:
(a) American Constitution (b) British Constitution (c) Soviet Constitution (d) Irish Constitution
10. On the basis of Constitution the Ultimate Source of power in India is:
(a) Parliament (b) Union Government (c) People (d) None
11. On the basis of Constitution, India has been declared as an:
(a) Federal Country (b) Quasi-Federal Country (c) Unitary Country (d) Union of States
12. How many types of Fundamental Rights were included in the original Constitution of India?
(a) Eight (b) Seven (c) Six (d) None of these
13. Which one of the following rights is considered most important for the Indians?
(a) Right to Equality (b) Right to Freedom (c) Right to Constitutional Remedies (d) None of these
14. Which chapter was incorporated in the Indian Constitution through Amendment?
(a) Fundamental Rights (b) Fundamental Duties
(c) Directive Principles of State Policy (d) Preamble
15. Which one of the following is justiciable : (in Court of Law)
(a) Fundamental Rights (b) Preamble (c) Directive Principles (d) None of these
16. Which is against the federal feature in the Indian constitution?
(a) The existence of Union and State Governments
(b) The existence of a written Constitution
(c) Provision to have Single citizenship norm for people
(d) Universal adult Franchise to form Union/State Governments.
17. Which one of the following parts of the Indian Constitution deals with Fundamental Rights enjoyable by Indian citizens?
(a) Part II (b) Part III (c) Part IV (d) Part IVA
18. Which Article has stated Equality before the law for all the citizens of India?
(a) Article 14 (b) Article 17 (c) Article 19 (d) Article 22
19. The word 'State' on the basis of Indian Constitution refers to the territory controlled by:
(a) The Union Government (b) State Government
(c) Either or both Union and State Governments (d) None
20. Which one of the following Chapters of Indian Constitution has been considered as ' Soul of the Constitution' by experts:
(a) Preamble (b) Directive Principles (c) Fundamental Rights (d) None of these
21. Which one of the following authorities may not remain associated with the Creation of a new State in India?
(a) President of India (b) Lok Sabha (c) Rajya Sabha
(d) Bidhan Sabha of the concerned State(s) from which new state is to be created by altering the boundaries
22. Which one of the following issues have not been directed to be materialized in the Directive Principles of State Policy?
(a) Organization of Village Panchayats
(b) Uniform Civil Code for the citizens of India
(c) Separation of Judiciary from Executive Department
(d) Development of scientific temper and humanism among the citizens of India.
23. What is the minimum age to become President of India
(a) 10 Years (b) 35 Years (c) 40 Years (d) 45 years None of these, (b) 35 Years
24. President of India is elected by:
(a) Members of Parliament
(b) Elected Members of the Parliament
(c) Elected members of the Parliament and Elected members of the State Legislatures
(d) None of these
25. What may be a maximum number of nominated members in Parliament?
(a) 2 (b) 10 (c) 14 (d) 22
26. Vice President of India elected by:
(a) Members of the Parliament (b) Members of the Parliament and State Legislature
(c) Members of Lok Sabha and Vidhan Sabha (d) None of these
27. The Chief function of the Vice President of India is to:
(a) Assist the President (b) Work as the Chairman of Rajya Sabha
(c) coordinate various departments of the Union Government (d) None of these
28. The other name of Rajya Sabha is not:
(a) Second Chamber (b) Upper Chamber (c) House of the Elders (d) Final Chamber
29. What should be the minimum age to become a Rajya Sabha member?
(a) 25 Years (b) 30 Years (c) 35 Years (d) None
30. What is the minimum age for members of Lok Sabha (House of people):
(a) 20 Years (b) 25 years (c) 30 years (d) None
31. The term of Office of a President of India is five years from :
(a) Day of election (b) Day of publication of election result
(c) Day of taking oath of office (d) None of these
32. What can be the maximum tenure of a particular Lok Sabha?
(a) 5 years (b) 6 years (c) 7 years (d) None of these
33. For what period a member of Council of State is elected?
(a) 5 years (b) 6 years (c) 7 years (d) None of these
34. Who is entitled to dissolve the House of People?
(a) President of India (b) Union Council of Ministers
(c) Supreme Court of India (d) None of these
35. What can be the maximum number of the Parliament?
(a) 500 (b) 600 (c) 700 (d) 800
36. A President willing to resign will have to send Letter of resignation to the:
(a) Vice President (b) Prime Minister (c) Chief Justice (d) None
37. Who, among the following, is not a member of the Parliament?
(a) Speaker of Lok Sabha (b) Chairman of Rajya Sabha
(c) Deputy Speaker of Lok Sabha (d) Deputy Chairman of Rajya Sabha
38. Which one of the following Articles of the Indian Constitution has stated that 'There shall be a Vice-President of India'?
(a) Article 52 (b) Article 63 (c) Article 64 (d) Article 74
39. Who may hold office without being elected?
(a) President (b) Vice-President (c) Prime Minister (d) None
40. From the end of a session of Parliament, the next session is to be arranged within a period of:
(a) 3 months (b) 4 months (c) 5 months (d) 6 months
41. Who is entitled to summon or prorogue session of Parliament:
(a) Speaker of Lok Sabha and Chairman of Rajya Sabha (b) The President of India
(c) The Prime Minister (d) None
42. The person entitled to work as the Chairman of a Joint Session of Parliament is:
(a) The President (b) The Prime Minister
(c) The Speaker of Lok Sabha (d) The Chairman of Rajya Sabha
43. The salaries and perquisites of the President of India are determined by the:
(a) Union Cabinet (b) Union Council of Ministers (c) Parliament (d) Supreme Court of India
44. Any dispute regarding the election of President of India is decided by:
(a) The Parliament (b) The Supreme Court (c) Any High Court (d) Delhi High Court
45. Within what time period the Rajya Sabha is to decide on a Money Bill?
(a) Two weeks (b) one month (c) 2 months (d) None
46. A Non-Money Bill is required to be initiated/introduced in:
(a) Lok Sabha (b) Rajya Sabha (c) Either Lok Sabha or Rajya Sabha (d) None of these
47. Who is entitled to decide whether a Bill is Money Bill or not?
(a) Union Cabinet (b) Finance Minister (c) Speaker of Lok Sabha (d) Any High Court
48. A Bill passed by the Parliament become a Law only after having assent from the:
(a) Union Law Minister (b) Chief Justice of India
(c) President of India (d) Members of the Union Cabinet
49. Proceedings in either House of the Parliament may be inquired by:
(a) Supreme Court (b) Delhi High Court (c) Any High Court (d) None of these
50. An Ordinance promulgated by President remains in force up to:
(a) Three months (b) Six months (c) One year (d) None
51. A member of the Parliament may deliver his/her speech in the House in:
(a) Either English or Hindi (b) Any of the 22 Languages listed in the 8th Schedule of Indian Constitution
(c) Any language (d) All of these
52. The age of retirement of a Supreme Court Judge is:
(a) 60 years (b) 62 years (c) 65 years (d) 70 years
53. A Judge of the Supreme Court may be removed by the:
(a) President (b) Union Cabinet (c) Parliament (d) None
54. How many maximum numbers of States may remain within the legal jurisdiction of a Particular High Court?
(a) One (b) Two (c) Three (d) None of these
55. How many maximum numbers of Ad-hoc Judges may be appointed?
(a) 5 (b) 10 (c) 15 (d) None of these
56. Which one of the following types of disputes cannot be initiated in the Supreme Court of India for adjudication?
(a) The dispute between Union Government and any State
(b) The dispute between two States or among a number of States
(c) The dispute between a State and an ordinary citizen
(d) All the above types of cases may be filed in Supreme Court
57. Under which Article Comptroller and Auditor General of India is appointed?
(a) Article 124 (b) Article 141 (c) Article 148 (d) Article 153
58. Members of Council of Ministers of a State is appointed by:
(a) Chief Minister (b) Governor (c) Chief Justice of High Court of the State (d) None of these.
59. For what maximum period a non-member of State Legislature is entitled to work as a member of Council of Minister of a State? :
(a) 3 Months (b) 6 months (c) 1 year (d) None
60. What may be the maximum number of Seats in the Vidhan Sabha of a State of India?
(a) 200 (b) 300 (c) 400 (d) 500
61. Which one of the following organizations may take final decision to abolish Legislative Council of a State?
(a) Governor of the State (b) Joint session of Vidhan Sabha and Bidhan Parisad of the State
(c) The State Council of Ministers (d) The Parliament
62. Which one of the following Union Territories of India has got a Legislative Assembly?
(a) Andaman & Nicobar Islands (b) Pondicherry (c) Chandigarh (d) None of these
63. What are the minimum and maximum range of population requirement for the creation of a State in India?
(a) 5 lakh - 5 Crore (b) 5 lakh - 10 crore (c) 10 lakh - 15 crore (d) None of these.
64. Maximum Life Span of a Legislative Assembly may be:
(a) 5 years (b) 6 years (c) 7 years (d) None of these
65. Governor of a State is not required to address the members of State Legislature at the commencement of session at:
(a) The first session of each general election for the State (b) The first session of each year
(c) Each Monsoon Session (d) None of these
66. Advocate General of a State is appointed by the:
(a) Law Minister of the State (b) Chief Minister of the Slate
(c) Governor of the State (d) President of India
67. The Official language of a High Court of an Indian State is:
(a) English only (b) Both English and Hindi
(c) English, Hindi and the language(s) of the State (d) None
68. District Judges of a State of India are appointed by the:
(a) Chief Justice of the concerned High Court (b) Governor of the concerned State
(c) Union Law Minister (d) President of India.
69. Who among the following, is not entitled to become appointed as a judge of the Supreme Court of India?
(a) Persons having the experience of at least 5 years as a Judge of one or more High Courts
(b) A person having experience of 10 years as an advocate of one or more High Courts
(c) A 'distinguished jurist' in the opinion of the President
(d) An efficient Officer of the Law Ministry of India
70. Who, among the following is not entitled to become appointed as a judge of a High Court in India?
(a) A person having at least 10 years experience as Judicial Officer in India
(b) A person having at least 10 years experience as Advocate in one or more High Court
(c) A 'Distinguished Jurist' in the opinion of the Governor of the State
71. Under which Article of the Constitution a High Court of India is empowered to issue writs in the form of orders/directions upon the Governmental authorities of Union / State Government?
(a) Article 214 (b) Article 226 (c) Article 239 (d) None of these
72. Who, among the following is the Chief Executive of the Union Territories of India?
(a) Prime Minister (b) President (c) Lt. Governor (d) None
73. The areas of activities which have not been kept listed in Union List, State List or Concurrent List are done by:
(a) Union Government (b) State Governments
(c) Jointly by Union and State Governments (d) None of these
74. Consolidated Fund and Contingency Fund of the Union Government of India are controlled by the:
(a) The President (b) The Prime Minister (c) Union Finance Minister (d) Reserve Bank of India
75. Salaries of the Judges of the Supreme Court of India are disbursed from :
(a) Consolidated Fund (b) Contingency Fund (c) General Fund (d) Reserve Fund.
76. For what period a Finance Commission of India is constituted?
(a) 4 years (b) 5 years (c) 6 years (d) None
77. The members of a Joint Public Service Commission constituted to recruit employees for a number of States are appointed by
(a) The Prime Minister (b) The President
(c) Governors of the concerned States (d) Union Human Resources Minister.
78. Which Election is not conducted by the Election Commission of India?
(a) President & Vice- President (b) Parliament
(c) State Legislature (d) Panchayets & Municipalities
79. For what period an Election Commissioner is appointed?
(a) 5 years (b) 6 years (c) 10 years (d) None of these
80. On the basis of which Article of the Constitution, the Election Commission of India is/was constituted?
(a) Article 315 (b) Article 324 (c) Article 343 (d) None of These
81. Who is the final authority to impose emergency in India?
(a) The President (b) The Prime Minister (c) The Parliament (d) The Union Council of Ministers
82. Which one of the following Articles has not been imposed in India during the past period since Independence?
(a) Article 352 (b) Article 356 (c) Article 360 (d) None of these
83. During the period of the imposition of articles the salaries and privileges of Government employees can be reduced by the Government:
(a) Article 352 (b) Article 360 (c) Article 368 (d) None
84. Article 352 can be imposed only when India or part of India a situation of:
(a) War or external aggression (b) Armed rebellion
(c) Imminent possibilities of war or aggression or rebellion
(d) During all the above-noted situations.
85. Article 356 imposed in a State remains in force for a maximum period of ........ without the approval of the Parliament?
(a) One month (b) Two months (c) Six months (d) None of these
86. Under which Article of the Constitution, the Union Government has got a duty to protect any State against external aggression and internal disturbances?
(a) Article 353 (b) Article 355 (c) Article 357 (d) Article 358
87. The procedure of Amendment of Indian Constitution may be considered as:
(a) Fully rigid (b) Fully flexible (c) Partly rigid and partly flexible (d) None of these
88. How many States of India has got separate Constitution
(a) One (b) Three (c) Five (d) None of these
89. Around how many Articles are there in the Constitution of India :
(a) 200 (b)300 (c) 400 (d) 500
90. How many Schedules were there in the Original Indian Constitution as was enforced in 1950?
(a) 8 (b) 9 (c) 10 (d) None of these
91. Which one of the following has not been correctly matched?
(a) 1st Schedule: Territorial boundaries of States & U.Ts.
(b) 2nd Schedule: Salaries etc. of High Officials of India
(c) 3rd schedule: Various forms for oath or affirmation
(d) 4th Schedule: Allocation of seats for States in Lok Sabha
92. Which one of the following Schedules contains Union List, State List and Concurrent List relating to areas of powers enjoyable by the Union Government and State Governments?
(a) 5th Schedule (b) 6th Schedule (c) 7th Schedule (d) 8th Schedule
93. What portion, in minimum can legally form a new group through defection in any House of Parliament/State Legislature from the total number of members belonging to a Political party:
(a) One-third (b) half (c) two-thirds (d) None of these
94. Which one of the following Constitutional Amendment Act has been considered as 'Mini Constitution' by the critics?
(a) 42nd (b) 44th (c) 61st (d) None of these.
95. Which one of the following languages has been placed under 8th Schedule of the Indian Constitution?
(a) English (b) Arabic (c) Sindhi (d) Pali
96. Which one of the following areas of activities are not within the List - I i.e. The Union List?
(a) Post Office Savings Bank (b) Stock Exchanges (c) Sea fishing (d) Public Health and sanitation.
97. Protection of wild animals and birds is within:
(a) List - I (b) List - II (c) List - III (d) None of these
98. Education of higher nature, Population & Family Planning, Civil Procedure are within:
(a) List - I (b) List - II (c) List - III (d) None of these
99. Who is entitled to declare War and Peace in India?
(a) The President (b) The Prime Minister (c) Chiefs of Armed Forces (d) Defence Minister of India
100. The Union Council of Ministers of India is responsible for its activities to the:
(a) Lok Sabha (b) Rajya Sabha (c) Parliament (d) President